St Kitts and Nevis

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The island known today as St Kitts was called 'Liamuiga', (fertile island) by its Amerindian inhabitants. When Columbus sighted the island on his second voyage to the New World in 1493, he named it St Christopher after his patron dsaint. St Kitts, the shortened name which came later, is today used by everyone, including government offices. Columbus used the Spanish word for snow, 'nieves' to name Nevis, presumably because the clouds surrounding its mouhtain reminded him of a snow-capped peak.

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Overview: St Kitts


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Profile: St Kitts

- Timeline

- Political structure

- Population,

- Education  

- Health

- Welfare

- Main cities

- Languages spoken

- Media

- Economy

- Agriculture

- Industry and manufacturing

- Tourism

- Mining,

- Hydrocarbons

- Energy

- Financial markets

- Banking and insurance

- Time

- Geography

- Climate

- Dress codes

- Entry requirements

- Health (for visitors)

- Hotels

- Credit cards

- Public holidays

- Working hours

- Telecommunications

- Electricity

- Social customs and useful tips

- Security

- Getting there

- Getting about

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Key Facts

Key Facts:

Key Facts
Official name: Federation of St Christopher and Nevis
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II; represented by Governor General Samuel W.T. Seaton (since 2 September 2015)
Head of government: Prime Minister Timothy Harris (Team Unity) (sworn in 18 Feb 2015)
Ruling party: People’s Action Movement (PAM) leading a coalition with the People’s Labour Party (PLP) and the Concerned Citizens’ Movement (CCM).
Area: 269 square km
Population: 60,000 (2014)* (54,841; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Basseterre (St Kitts)
Official language: English
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (EC$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: EC$2.70 per US$ (fixed)
GDP per capita: US$14,102 (2014)*
GDP real growth: -2.79% (2014)*
GDP: US$841.00 million (2014)*
Inflation: 1.01% (2014)*
Balance of trade: -US$193.20 million (2013)
Annual FDI: US$114.06 million (2011)
* estimated figure

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